Curling 101

Basic:

Curling is played on a curling rink on an ice-playing surface called "leaf" with granite stones. The goal of the game is, after the 16 stones are played (8 by each team), to have a stone of your team closest to the center of the house, called the 'tee' (see below the ice rink). This is accomplished by sending your stone to rest in scoring position using one of the many plans. Some of these are (a "draw"), hitting stones of your opponent out of position to score (a "takeaway"), and keeping your own stones with others. The team with the biggest stone at the tee, inside the house, scores a point, or more if they are also the second closest stone and so on. Each round is called an "end" and consists of two stones delivered by each player in each team of four players. The stones are delivered from the hack on one side of the leaf to the house on the opposite side. It consists of pushing the player out of the stone block and releasing it with a spin, or "curl".

The curling track

The playing surface during a curling game is ice cold. The game surface ice is called a "sheet" and is in a "curling rink. The 'leaf' is about 138 feet by 14 feet wide. The main characteristics of the sheet are the "House", the "Hack", the "line of play" and the "Tee Line". The 'Hack' is where we offer or throw the stone. The "line of play" is the line that one must release the stone before during the delivery of the stone, and the line at the other end of the ice that the stones must succeed to be considered as playing. Scoring area - the "House" - is composed of three concentric rings, 4, 8 and 12 feet in diameter The small circle in the center of the house is called the button, and the center of the button is the tee. marked under the surface of the ice using either paint or tape.

Curling stone

The curling stone was born in Scotland from big blocks of rock played on the ice, no have any size or particular configuration. They have evolved into what it is now together with fairly uniformly made stones. They are all pure granite, and they are incredibly hard. The best stones come from a granite mine on an island off the coast of Scotland. Shipping is very expensive because the weight (16 stones in a set of 42 pounds per piece, excluding packaging) and the manufacturing is expensive because of the tenacity of the material, which is a land of diamonds. Therefore, sets of curling stones are the property of the club and not by individuals.

 

The stone is concave on both upper and lower faces. On some stones, the degree of concavity is different on both sides to allow a reversal of the stone for "faster" or "slower ice". A handle, usually on a circular plastic disk, is bolted to the stone by a channel that runs through the middle of the stone to a bolt at the other end, as shown in the red area outlined in the sectional diagram. The figure on the right shows the upper part of the stone, more obviously concave, but without a smooth surface running. The handle is affixed to this circular surface.

In the figure above, Part A is at the bottom of a curling stone, which is concave, although you do not see it well in this picture. The red circle represents the actual area of ​​operation of the stone. This allows the stone to go further, more accurately, and pick up more "curl" than would be possible on a flat surface.

There is a light colored band in a ribbon around the curling stone. This is the "striking surface". In the manufacturing sector, the whole stone if it is very polite. This surface is dulled by the purpose of improving collisions with other stones, both so that there will be a wide contact patch in the collision and that the stones do not become brittle.

The Game

Curling is a social game, which is full of strategy. Although it is often described as "chess on ice" for its strategy, it is more like petanque or shuffleboard.

The goal of the game is to get closer to a target area and maintain that edge while your competitor is trying to get closer or knock you out. Strategy comes into play when planning plans like "guards," "takeouts," and "shoots" and its ability to control the speed and direction of each shot. The matches are also social or competitive and depending on the level and skill of the curler and the nature of the match.

Much of the effort goes into planning a goal if the stone of your team finishes closest to the tee. There are a number of strategic variants, and we present some classics:

Draw
The stone comes sort of like a bowling movement. In fact, it's not so similar, but it's the only thing that does not even look like (see the delivery example below). You start what is called a "hack", or essentially a block protruding from the ice.

The Takeout
Your first move is to take the stone and pull it back to the front of the trick in the back swing, then push it forward in a good slide on the ice. The broom is used as a support during delivery. You slip on your lead foot, with you, the other foot and the leg lying behind you, sliding.

The Guard
However, in order to deliver a stone well, you must slide along the stone as far as possible.

The teams

The team is made up of four players, named "Skip", "Lead", "Second" and "Vice". Skip is essentially the captain of the team - usually the most experienced, well-tempered person in the team. Listen turns so that all members of four teams get to deliver two stones each. At any time, there is a skip, two sweepers, and a person delivering a stone. When the skip is expected to deliver his stones, the "vice" (also called "third party", so called because he is the third in the line to provide stones) acts as a temporary skip. From this, we can very well guess that later, the stones are more important for the outcome of the match. Sweeping is carried out by the skip, and the type of projectiles, as well as the placement of the ball, is called by the skip.

Ice

An important element of the game is not mentioned until then is the "curl" of the stone. As you can see on the diagrams above, the stone does not come in a perfectly straight trajectory. This is due to the curl put on the stone by the player. As the stone is thrown, a slight rotation is put on it, acting as a very, very slow Curveball.
The pebble is what helps the stone in its lateral movement. As seen here, the ice is sprinkled on the game with a kind of plaster, which creates a smooth hillside effect on the ice, much like small pebbles. Without pebbles, the stone would not be able to travel that far. Therefore, the reduced running surface of the stone itself combined with the low contact area of the ice (created by the pebble) allows the rock to travel beyond flat smooth ice. Sweeping also aids in increasing the stone travel distance.

Sweeping

Either a brush or a curling broom is used to sweep in the game. Affine Sweep the shots, and sweeping is what makes curling really a team sport.

Sweeping affects the ice in front of the moving stone in three ways:

Smoothing or polishing the pebble,

Removal of frost or debris,

Momentarily warm up the ice to create a thin film of water under the stone that acts as a lubricant.

As a result, a swept stone loses its momentum more slowly and thus extra travel. For attracting scenes, sweeping good sweepers just enough to bring the stone back to its desired position. On takeouts, sweeping will hold a stone on the longer delivery line and reduce the amount of curl.

Summary

  • Each player throws two stones or puts each end, alternating with their counterpart of the opposing team. A twist of the release handle makes the stone buckle, much like bowling.

  • The four members of the team shoot two stones a run and sweep for pictures of their teammates. As one player draws, two sweep as needed. Sweep polish the ice if the stone spreads further if it is put back too softly, and vigorous sweeping requires fitness. In a typical two-hour game, a curling player walks nearly two miles.

  • The skip acts as team captain and strategist. Strategy is a major factor in curling, as important as qualification shooting. Some people call curling "ice chess".

  • The playing surface is called "a sheet of ice", and is designed to allow play in both directions.

  • The object of shooting is to get the stone, or rock, come to rest at a predetermined place (a draw or guard) or to pass another rock (take away or raise).

  • The score is determined after each end of 16 stones. A circle of 12 feet, the house, is the quotation zone. Stones in the house should be closer to the tee (center) than any other opponent's pawn to score.

  • The maximum score in one end is eight points. Typically, one to three points are marked. The games are 8 or 10 ends, a duration of 2 to 2.5 hours.
     

Throwing the stone

The stone comes sort of like a bowling movement. In fact, it's not so similar, but it's the only thing that does not even look like (see the delivery example below). You start what is called a "hack", or essentially a block protruding from the ice.
Your first move is to take the stone and pull it back to the front of the trick in the back swing, then push it forward in a good slide on the ice. The broom is used as a support during delivery. You slip on your lead foot, with you, the other foot and the leg lying behind you, sliding.
However, in order to deliver a stone well, you must slide along the stone as far as possible.
Good curling players can slide along the ice with a stretched position.
You must drop the stone by the "line of play." (See the curling rink for the location of the line of play). As you slow down, the stone slips, coming into play on the opposite side, beyond the line of play of others.

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